Aikido is a practice of body movements to evade or redirect an attacking opponent thereby enabling opportunities for escapes, throws, joint-locks, or counter strikes.
Practise involves basic drills to understand movement, paired kata to study techniques, and a distinct study of the elements of Awase (coming together) as a method of engagement. To understand the application of these body movements, various levels of freestyle practice are included.
A focus on the underpinning influence of kenjutsu is a central theme of training.
Aikido is a modern Japanese martial art founded in the 1930s and 1940s by Morihei Ueshiba (1883-1969), referred to as O'Sensei, as a synthesis of his martial studies, philosophy and religious beliefs through which practitioners could use to defend themselves ideally without unnecessary injury to the attacker.
The empty-handed foundation of Aikido are derived primarily from O'Sensei's study of Daitō-Ryū Aiki-jūjutsu however Aikido's technical structure has clear relation to his study of Kenjutsu (swordsmanship) - Yagyū Shingan-ryū and Kashima Shintō-ryu. To a lesser extent Sōjutsu (spear), Jūkendō (bayonet) and Judo had influence on the development of his art.
O'Sensei gave different names to his art during its earlier development, including Aikijutsu, Aiki-Bujutsu, and Aiki-Budo, however Aikido became the official name of the art in 1942 when the Greater Japan Martial Virtue Society (Dai Nippon Butoku Kai) was engaged in a government sponsored reorganization and centralization of Japanese martial arts.
During his life O'Sensei continued to refine and develop his art and as a result his senior students have different emphasis in Aikido training and different interpretation on O'Sensei's philosophy of Aikido, depending partly on which point in his life they studied with him. This has lead to the various schools throughout the world that have grown from the teaching passed on by these senior students.
In the late 1920s, O'Sensei became involved with the Ōmoto-kyō, an organisation whose Shinto based teachings influenced his spiritual path for the remainder of his life. Its influence in
Currently Aikido, as part of the Kuroyama Budokai schedule, is conducted through the support of the Aikido Kenkyukai Canberra. Kenkyukai translates as "research group" and reflects a focus on individual "exploration" in the study of Aikido. Whislt training maintains the foundation syllabus of Aikido Kenkyukai Canberra, our study also draws inspiration from the diverse experiences of our instructors (including civilian and law enforcement self defence instructor qualifications) and the teachers that have influenced them (including direct training with Aikido Shihan in Japan who are also Buddhist Priests).
Aikido Kenkyukai Canberra - is the Canberra organisation representing the Aikido Kenkyu Kai International (AKI), an international network of like-minded practitioners inspired by the teachings of Shihan Yoshinobu Takeda, 8th Dan who encouraged the practise of Aikido as research. AKI members are part of the Aikikai Foundation (Aikido World Headquarters).
- Aikikai Foundation - is the parent organization, officially recognized by the Japanese government in 1940, for the development and popularization of Aikido throughout the world.